Traditional marriage mores in Bali is one neat way of marriage or marriage in Indonesia recognized by the government, religious rules, ordinances &society. In this page, we discuss a little about the traditional wedding ordinances of Balinese mores, because of course each tribe &religion has a different ordinance.
The difference makes the form based on the procedure of the wedding ceremony is also closely related to religion, traditions based on a tribe, culture and also the social class of the citizens who conduct the marriage or marriage program.
Including in the island of the Gods of Bali itself which has a number of cultures and traditions that sometimes differ between one place using another, so tidy up the way the marriage norm is also different between one place using another.
In essence, traditional traditional marriage in Bali or known as using "pawiwahan" is the ratification of marriage of two people of different types between a man and woman, in the form of religious ceremonies, performing holy promises to marry & legalize the marriage bond earlier by rules, religious and social customs.
Marriage ordinances in Bali are very closely related using religious order, norms and local culture. So that almost the ordinance of marriage on the island of the Gods of Bali, especially those who are Hindus are the same based on religious law, but sometimes in the implementation there are some disparities according to mores & culture in each place or region.
Traditional wedding ordinances in Bali consist of several stages that must be passed by the bride and groom. After that the norm ceremony was held, accompanied by the use of written documents including the endorsement of the leader of the norm marriage ceremony. After all these processes are passed then the couple is legally a legal husband and wife in the eyes of religion, law & people.
The purpose of marriage (pawiwahan) or generic marriage, whether it is done using Balinese ordinance ceremonies or other ceremonies, of course, about the hope of getting happiness because of the unity of a love that is committed to living life until the end of life and both it is difficult and sad.
Then it can get offspring or the next generation who are devoted, as a result it will bring blessings to families and poly people and it is expected that human life and happiness are more perfect and also enjoy sexual satisfaction that does not conflict using the foundation of religion and dharma. Procedures for Wedding mores or pawiwahan in Bali
Bali itself adheres to a system of marriage or Patrilineal relations, where the community regulates the offspring or original rights of heirs from the offspring of fathers or men, while the female side is released the law according to her family. Although in today's society poly also marriage is drawn based on the lineage of mother or matrillineal.
Marriage is beautiful and holy through the process of sacred religious ceremonies in Bali, so for citizens who want to perform the wedding ceremony or marriage earlier, will prepare everything according to the beginning including the selection of a good day, as a result of which the wedding ceremony went smoothly and after living the bond of husband and wife, able to live a new life in sync with asa.
Here are the traditional wedding ordinances on the island of the Gods of Bali in Hinduism;
- Determine a good day
Citizens who will perform this wedding ceremony determine the day both in accordance with the Hindu calendar, the day is both chosen starting from the bridegroom coming to nyedek (inform) and the day of the wedding synchronised day agreed by both sides of the family. The selection of good days is believed to suggest the smoothness of performing the ceremony and also their lives become husband and wife when married later.
In traditional Balinese weddings, the process of ngekeb ceremony is to prepare the bride-to-be, for example doing luluran in the body according to ingredients such as turmeric rice, memories and peacock leaves that have been finely ground. This preparation is to welcome the arrival of the future groom the next day. After entering the room, the bride-to-be can not leave the room again until the groom and his family arrive to pick up. Ngekeb ceremony is aimed in addition to preparing mentally the bride and groom & pray to Ida Sang Hyang Widi so that the happiness of birth and mind is given.
- Bride-to-be Pick up
As is the tradition of the usual and common norm wedding ceremony carried out in the residence of the male family, as a result the bridegroom family picks up the bride-to-be. When pick up, the bride-to-be is ready to use traditional Balinese clothing covered in a thin yellow cloth from head to toe, the cloth is worn containing a philosophy if the bride-to-be is ready to leave her single life, burying her past for the process of welcoming a new life, namely home life.
- Mungkah Lawang
In the process of the next wedding norm ceremony is the program mungkah lawang (open the door). The messenger according to the groom-to-be came to knock on the door of the bride-to-be's room, at that time also accompanied by Balinese parties that hinted at the arrival of the male side, asking that the door be opened. And then the bride-to-be is brought to the house of the groom's residence without being visited by the woman's family, using a carrying and carried on a stretcher.
- Mesegeh Agung
Before entering the yard where the bridegroom lives, both brides face a procession of great mesegeh. The yellow cloth covering the body of the bride will be opened by her future mother-in-law in exchange for money, an indication of welcoming the new world and burying all the time later, and as an expression of welcome to the bride.
- Medengen-dengenan (kalaan)
In the ceremony of the norm of marriage in Bali, this procession will be led by a leader of trust such as monks or stakeholders in sync using the mores and culture of each region, this ceremony aims to cleanse themselves to the 2 brides accompanied by a number of processies such as Touching The Feet in Kala Sepetan, Buying and Selling between brides &grooms, Stabbing Tikeh Dadakan carried out by the groom becomes a symbol of lingga & yoni power and lastly decided The thread stretched on the trunk of the dadap tree that analogizes to the 2 brides is ready to enter a new world with a family life.
- Mewidhi Widana Ceremony
The procession of wedding ceremony that must be passed is Mewidhi Widana, in this time the procession is led by a priest atapun sulinggih, the sound of genta accompanies this procession to perfect the wedding ceremony, cleaning themselves to the 2 brides after the previous ceremonies. At this time both of them go to the sanggah or pura merajan in the yard of the residence, informing the presence of a new family to the ancestors, asking permission and blessing so that the family life of both is perpetuated, part and have good offspring. At that time the 2 brides using the bride's oversized clothing can even use the usual norm clothes in sync ability.
- Table ceremony (Ma Pejati)
This is the most thought procession in the wedding ceremony in Bali, at this time identical also using "ngabe tipat pillow" or carrying a pillow tipat some regions refer to it as a "meserah" ceremony. Currently women who follow the husband arrive back to the family of women accompanied by extended family, relatives and neighbors based on the family of men. Perform mepamit ceremony in the yard or merajan, mepamit (please leave) niskala to the ancestors of the female family. At that time the arrival of the men's family brought also traditional food the main is tipat - pillow becomes a symbol of the strength of Lingga & Yoni or purusa pradana following other foods such as red and white steamed sticky rice, sumping, apem and others.