Description: History, ordinances of Balinese traditions and culture, and social life.
Bali is famous as the best vacation spot because it has a natural origin in the form of a beach with amazingly beautiful scenery.
Not only that, the interesting thing based on this is the culture that is still thick and permanently preserved by the Balinese tribe.
For those of you who want to visit Bali, of course, you must know the information about this area in full.
This is so that you can maintain the conduite & mindset to be appropriate using the values &social norms that are there.
Here is a complete review of the Balinese Tribe.History of the Balinese Tribe
The origin of the People of Bali has a long history. The history of this people is divided as three terms as a factor forming it.
Here is the history of The People of Bali that you should know. Pre-Historic Times
Pre-historic times are identical to ancient people who still run life relying on natural resources more or less.
In this day and age, ancient people made displacement or were considered nomadic.
Pre-historic humans do not have a permanent residence, this is because the displacement is done from the fulfillment of biological needs.
Balinese people also from pre-historic people who do nomadic. The Age of Hindu Development
Based on history, the first belief that entered Indonesia was Hinduism.
This is influenced by the activities carried out by the People of India which resulted in Indonesia as a place of trade.
Trading activities are not only done to earn profits but also done to share trust.
Balinese society was formed because of the spread of Hindu beliefs. At this time, on the island of Bali has also stood the kingdom that is Bali Dwipa.
Before the arrival of Javanese people after the collapse of Majapahit, the people of the original Bali also exist until this time. The original Balinese people's group is commonly called the Balinese Aga Tribe. Migration Period of Majapahit Kingdom
This stage becomes the end according to the formation of Balinese citizens. This is the origin according to the ancestors of balinese people who are based on the island of Java.
This herbi began to weaken the Majapahit Kingdom after the reign of Hayam Wuruk because he died.
After the collapse of the kingdom, Islam began to develop in the 15th century on the land of Java.
This was accompanied by the establishment of the Kingdom of Demak which is an ancient Islamic kingdom and then continued the reign of the Majapahit Kingdom which was previously predominantly Hindu.
Majapahit residents who do not want to islam then moved to the island of Bali so as to create their own group, until now as the people of Bali.
This society is very unique because it creates syncretism or clusters between Balinese traditions and Hinduism.
The majority of the beliefs of the tribe are Hindus.
It is related to the first religion that was accepted in when living as a resident of majapahit kingdom and inherent in his daily life.
Based on the number, about three.two million people who make refugee camps to Bali embrace Hinduism. While the belief embraced by the people of Bali is Buddha.
Both are different but permanent types of beliefs from India.
Hinduism is spread by indian priests who introduced Hindu and Buddhist literature to Balinese tribes or balinese figures.
The community accepted the teachings and then practiced the religion in tandem using pre-Hindu beliefs.
Pre-Hindu beliefs are accompanied by the belief brought by indian priests are embraced by the hordes of Balinese Aga, namely indigenous Balinese people.
Bali Aga's belief with the Balinese tribe is generally a descendant of Majapahit, but both maintain out-of-sync beliefs.
Hinduism that is inherent in Bali is also a part of the Dutch colonial government. In 1881, the Dutch banned missionaries from carrying out activities in Bali.
In 1924, Roman Catholic missionaries attempted to enter Bali but were rejected by the Balinese elite and the Dutch colonials.
The rejection of religious figures in Bali and the political elite based on the Netherlands resulted in the lasting of Hinduism in Bali.
This is because there is no spread of other beliefs that enter and develop in the Bali area.
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The Balinese tribe has a multilevel system of life called caste. This system of life is called a dynasty or family system that is embraced based on bloodlines.
In ancient times, this caste system was very strict and believed to be a guideline in establishing marriage relationships.
The house of nir is only used for weddings, but it is also used in norma ceremonies as a tradition.
Every tradition carried out by the Balinese people has a role and function, as a result of which is carried out by certain castes.
The balinese caste system was formed by the indigenous people to distinguish between the displaced people from Majapahit and local residents.
The caste that applies to Bali succeeded in making the original people according to the Majapahit Kingdom create a social system that is embraced until now.
The division of the house system in Bali is divided into 4, including:
- Brahmins are hordes of religious leaders & monks.
- Knights are from the king, the nobility, the disaster of the army, as well as the higher-ups of the kingdom.
- Waisya is a horde of weapons-producing experts, palace servants, scholars, and people from Java.
- Jaba is a name for The People of Bali so that conquered the immigrant community. Basically the number of local residents of Bali poly, but they do not get a government position.
Balinese tribe is very guarding culture & heritage in the form of mores of ordinances until now.
So that the customs and norms of the Balinese people are still very thick and poly found unique and interesting mores activities to be known.
Here are the norms that must be known: 1. Nyambutin Ceremony
Nyambutin origin according to the word welcome which is greeting or welcome.
Balinese people believe that when a baby is born, not only a baby comes, but also niskala. Niskala is a baby's invisible bridesman.
Nyambutin ceremony is carried out when the baby is three months old or often considered to be down the ground for the Javanese.
Done in that age because at that time a baby learns to sit & cleaned according to negative influences. Recursive Tutug Ceremony
This ceremony is done for newborn babies, this ceremony aims to cleanse the baby's soul and body from bad effects.
While the mother based on the child was cleaning themselves according to stains & dirt.
This custom aims as gratitude given to the Creator because it has kept the baby in the womb well.
Tutug Relapse is considered to be The Pitung Moon, performed when the baby is 42 days old.
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Wading earth or mecaru Earth is a ceremony performed to worship 9 gods, namely Vishnu, Iswara, Maheswara, Brahma, Rudra, Sangkara, Mahadewa, Indra or Sambu, & Shiva.
This ceremony aims to clean the earth according to negative effects. Melasti Ceremony
Melasti ceremony is carried out three days before Nyepi Day, the activity carried out is a prayer on the beach to purify themselves.
The meaning of this tradition is done to eliminate bad deeds in the past and then thrown on the sea.
In addition to cleaning themselves, this ceremony is also done to purify various kinds of sacred objects.
This cleaning is carried and paraded around the village and then cleaned in lakes, oceans, seas, rivers, and other springs to be holy.
How? Your curiosity towards the Balinese tribe is answered, right? Explanation of the Balinese who created the position to receive the highest level at the top as a unique history.
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