Balinese culture

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Bali is an island in Indonesia, as well as the galat of one Indonesian province. Bali is located between Java and Lombok Island. The provincial capital of Bali is Denpasar. The majority of Bali's population is Hindu. In the global, Bali is famous for being a tourism destination with the uniqueness of many artistic-cultural products. Bali is also known as the Island of the Gods.

Bali uses unique citizens and cultures certainly not a newly growing migration area. The daily life of Balinese people with a culture that always displays the color of local culture shows that Bali's journey has passed a long historical flow. As with other regions in the archipelago, it includes three strata of culture. The first layer is a lifetime that rests on hunting culture. Naturally, hunting is a way of maintaining very clear and easy-to-do biodiversity. With simple tools based on stone materials, whose relics are found in the Sembiran area in northern Bali and Batur region, Balinese humans are estimated to be able to survive. Relics of better similar equipment, using bone material, were found also in the Selonding cave in the Bulit region, South Badung. This tells us that the hunting period passes a relatively long time accompanied by an increase in the mindset that is getting better.

Still based on the findings of ancient objects, it is illustrated that Bali began to leave the hunting period and entered during the planting period. Although it has entered a more cyclical biological order at the time of planting, the hordes of Balinese people at that time certainly lived on a moving basis. Various homogeneous relics are found as loose finds in various regions of west Bali, northern Bali, and southern Bali. Biological arrangements with settlements are believed to be the transition of Balinese human life order based on pre-historic era to historical era. Ancient relics in the form of bronze nekara and various kinds of goods based on metal materials in the Pejeng Gianyar region, prove that at that time a more structured people's order was formed.

Simultaneously using the transition of pre-history era to historical era, the impact of Hinduism according to India entering Indonesia is expected to give a strong boost to the cultural leap in Bali. This transitional period, commonly referred to as the time of Ancient Bali between the 8th and 13th centuries, uses very noticeable changes again the impact of Majapahit who intend to unite the archipelago through the Palapa Gajah Mada Oath in the early 13th century. The order of government &community structure undergoes adjustments following majapahit governance patterns. The clash of local culture of Ancient Bali &y Javanese Hindu culture from Majapahit in the form of rejection of the Balinese population caused various resistance in various regions in Bali. Slowly and surely, using adjustment efforts and mixing of the two sides, Bali managed to find a synchronous cultural pattern using the mindset of the citizens and the natural state of Bali.

According to the philosophy of the Balinese, dynamism in life will be achieved if the realization of harmonious interaction between aspects of pawongan, palemahan, and parahyangan. For that, the construction of a house must cover these aspects or commonly called "Tri Hita Karana". Pawongan is the occupant of the house. Palemahan means that there must be a good relationship between the residents of the residence and the environment.

In general, traditional balinese buildings or architecture are always filled with decorations, in the form of carvings, equipment and color giving. The ornamental variety contains a certain meaning to be an expression of the beauty of symbols & delivery of communication. Ornamental forms based on the type of fauna also serve as ritual symbols displayed on the statue.

In Bali there is still a relatively unique homogenous dance, and is played mainly by men where the number of performers reaches dozens or more dancers who sit in line and in circles using a certain rhythm calling for a "cak" sound while raising both hands. It depicts the moment a line of chimpanzees helped Rama fight Ravana in the Ramayana story.

Kecak origin based on Sanghyang ritual, which is a tradition where the dancer will be unconscious because of communication with the divine, or the spirits of the ancestors who then convey their hopes to the citizens. In kecak nir dance uses musical instruments and only uses kincringan worn in the legs of dancers who are playing Ramayana characters. While the dancers who sit in circles wearing plaid cloth wrapped around their waists.

This dance was created in the 1930s by Wayan Limbak and with a German painter Walter Spies. They formed the dance based on ancient sanghyang traditions and took on parts of the Ramayana story. This dance became famous when Wayan Limbak and his Balinese dancers toured around the world introducing the Kecak dance earlier. Until now kecak dance became a special Balinese art dance that is famous.

Baberapa types of art from the province of Bali:

* Legong dance, is a dance set against the background of the king's love story of lasem. Dynamically and captivated the heart.

Kecak Dance, a dance based on the story & Ramayana Book that tells about the monkey army disaster based on Hanuman from Sugriwa

As a work of art in the form of sharp weapons using the only special form in the global, kris is found in almost all regions of the archipelago. But poly archaeological & historical findings are very reinforcing the conclusion that the early generation of kriss were made in Java. Keris Bali is a keris development that comes based on the land of Java, ranging from the occult, fairy tales, legends, beliefs, philosophy, history, manufacturing techniques to traditions related to using kris in tidying the lives of Balinese people. The value system raised here is a value system that is embraced until the 20th century, when the development of music culture reaches its culmination point.

Keris Bali, as a traditional Balinese weapon is a symbol of high aesthetics, which has a ceremonial meaning and superior metallurgical technology, in addition to ancient objects that are very valuable. Keris is a masterpiece of Indonesian cultural heritage that is highly appreciated and can amaze the people of the world.

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